Новогодние скидки от MDLavka

Вы пишете в комментариях, что хотите купить из техники Apple и мы делаем вам индивидуальное предложение, от которого сложно отказаться!

Хитрости и секреты Mac OS X (часть 6)

Вот и пришло время очередного большого выпуска “Хитростей и секретов Mac OS X”. Какие-то из них полезные и даже необходимые в повседневной работе с Маком, а другие пригодятся для розыгрыша друзей. Мы не стали разбивать подборку по разделам или типам, а разместили карапули в случайном порядке. Надеемся, что вы найдете для себя что-нибудь полезное.

Для того, чтобы узнать откуда скачан файл в папке Загрузки, достаточно открыть его свойства с помощью клавиш Command + I. Если файл загружен через Safari, то в разделе “Подробнее” будет указан веб-адрес сайта, а если его прислали по почте или через iChat – то имя человека, который отправил файл.

Иногда Spotlight глючит, затрудняя поиск в Mac OS X. Это может означать, что в базе Spotlight появились ошибки, устранить которые можно удалением метаданных и повторной индексацией всего содержимого диска. Для этого нужно воспользоваться командами Терминала:

sudo mdutil -E

Эта команда стирает метаданные Spotlight. Далее включаем повторную индексацию диска:

sudo mdutil -i on

Через некоторое время (в зависимости от объема жесткого диска и информации) Spotlight заново проиндексирует все данные и ваша проблема будет решена.

Если в текстовом поле выделить произвольный фрагмент текста и перетащить на значок Safari в Доке, то браузер автоматически передаст его Google и откроется с результатами поиска. Если в начале фрагмента будет стоять префикс “http://“, Safari распознает ссылку и откроет веб-страницу.

Хотите быстро скопировать файл или папку в Finder? Удерживайте кнопку Option при перемещении (рядом с курсором появится зеленый плюс, обозначающий копирование). Чтобы создать ссылку (ярлык) на объект удерживайте при перемещении Command + Option.

Если вы хотите закрыть все вкладки в Safari кроме одной – нажмите крестик на выбранной закладке, удерживая Option. Клавиша Option дает обратный эффект многим действиям в Mac OS X, а на кнопке значится Alt.

Mail или Thunderbird: Для того, чтобы ответить в письме на определенную фразу, выделите часть текста и нажмите кнопку Reply (Ответить). В новое письмо будет скопирован только выбранный фрагмент текста.

Что будет, если просматривая Quicktime-видео на полный экран, вы захотите переключиться на другое приложение с помощью Command + Tab? Правильно, видео уменьшится до обычного размера. Существует полезная команда, после выполнения которой в Терминале видео в Quicktime будет оставаться развернутым на весь экран:

defaults write com.apple.QuickTimePlayerX MGFullScreenExitOnAppSwitch 0

Казалось бы все функции и возможности iTunes давно изучены. Не тут-то было. Оказывается, при помощи строки поиска в плеере можно фильтровать не только названия песен и альбомов, но и рейтинг композиций! Допустим, вы хотите оставить на экране только те треки, рейтинг которых не ниже трех звезд. Просто введите в строчке ***. Звездочки можно комбинировать с названиями треков и альбомов.

Перемещаться между окнами одного приложения можно с помощью комбинации Command + ` (рядом с левым Shift). При этом окна должны быть развернуты. Также комбинация производит обратное переключение по иконкам программ в окне Command + Tab (все тонкости работы с этим окном смотрите здесь).

Для того, чтобы быстро перевести незнакомое слово на странице или найти его определение в подключенных словарях, воспользуйтесь комбинацией Control + Command + D. Контекстное меню отобразит перевод слова без загрузки приложения.

А знаете ли вы, что встроенный в Mac OS X словарь Oxford American Dictionary помимо определений содержит еще и иллюстрации? Посмотреть всю базу изображений можно в папке Finder:

/Library/Dictionaries/New Oxford American Dictionary.dictionary/Contents/Images


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